Nongovernmental organization. The Communist Youth League (Kommunisticheskii soiuz molodiozhi) or Komsomol was established in 1918 to train future generations of leaders of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and inculcate the values of Marxism-Leninism. Members ranged from 14 to 28 years of age; younger children joined the affiliated Pioneers organization.
   At its height in the early 1980s, there were more than 40 million members. Under Mikhail Gorbachev’s twin policies of glasnost and perestroika, Komsomol came under criticism as an overly bureaucratic, corrupt, and bloated organization that did not adequately represent the interests of the country or the needs of Soviet youth. Market-oriented reforms introduced in the late Soviet period, however, granted special privileges to Komsomol members, enabling valuable networks of influence (blat) that shaped the development of capitalism in post-Soviet Russia. Reflecting the end of the CPSU, the organization held its last congress in September 1991 before disbanding. The media outlet of the youth league, the Komsomolskaia Pravda newspaper, survived the organization.
   See also Civil society.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KOMSOMOL — Abréviation de Vsesoyouznyï leninski kommounistitcheski soyouz molodeji (Union communiste léniniste pan soviétique de la jeunesse), le Komsomol fut, après les syndicats, la plus importante organisation de masse soviétique. Organisation de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Komsomol — Russian communist youth organization, 1934, from Rus. Komsomol, contraction of Kommunisticheskii Soyuz Molodezhi Communist Union of Youth …   Etymology dictionary

  • KOMSOMOL — acron. ES russo Vsesojuznyi lenininskji kommunističeskij sovietičeskij molodiež, unione pansovietica comunista leninista della gioventù Sinonimi: COMSOMOL …   Dizionario italiano

  • Komsomol — Kȍmsomol m DEFINICIJA masovna društvena organizacija omladine u SSSR u (osnovana 1918) ETIMOLOGIJA krat., rus. Kommunistíčeskij sojúz molodëži …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Komsomol — [käm΄sə môl′] n. [Russ Kom(munisticheskij) So(yuz) Mol(odyozhi), Communist League of Youth] the Communist organization for youth in the Soviet Union …   English World dictionary

  • Komsomol — For other uses, see Komsomol (disambiguation). All Union Leninist Young Communist League Всесоюзный Ленинский Коммунистический Союз Молодёжи Founded …   Wikipedia

  • Komsomol — Emblem des Komsomol Komsomol (kyrillisch Комсомол) war die Jugendorganisation der KPdSU. Das Wort ist ein Akronym aus Коммунистический союз молодёжи („Kommunistischer Jugendverband“). Der vollständige Name lautet Всесоюзный ленинский… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Komsomol — Emblema del Komsomol El Komsomol (en ruso Комсомол) era la organización juvenil del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética (PCUS). El término es una contracción de Kommunisticheski Soyuz Molodiozhi (Коммунистический союз молодёжи), Unión… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Komsomol — Insigne du membre du Komsomol. Fichier:Комсомольский билет.jpg Komsomol billet, (1983). Komsomol (en russe : комсомол) est le nom courant de l organisation de la jeunesse communiste du Parti communiste d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Komsomol — /kom seuh mawl , kom seuh mawl /, n. (formerly) 1. a communist organization in the Soviet Union for youths 16 years of age and older. 2. a member of this organization. Cf. Octobrist (def. 2), Pioneer (def. 6). Also, Comsomol. [ < Russ Komsomól,… …   Universalium

  • Komsomol's'ke — Original name in latin Komsomol’s’ke Name in other language Komsomol s ke, Komsomol skoe, Komsomol skoye, Komsomol’skoye, Komsomol’s’ke, Комсомольское State code UA Continent/City Europe/Kiev longitude 49.59701 latitude 36.52618 altitude 99… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.